Modern Genocide

Understanding Causes and Consequences

by Advisory Board: Paul R. Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs, and Suzanne Ransleben


History has repeatedly demonstrated that humans are capable of great inhumanity. Any purposeful study of history must include a careful examination of genocide, as difficult and uncomfortable as this subject may be. In order to become informed world citizens, today's students need to understand the terrible price of prejudice, racism, and stereotyping—and to know what monumental injustice can result from indifference and reluctance to speak out.

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ABC-CLIO Solutions

Topics Military History/Genocide and War Crimes
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This full, rich, comprehensive resource vetted by a prominent advisory board provides definitive expertise on the sensitive and hard-to-teach topic of genocide.

Studying past genocides brings the corrosive power of prejudice and hatred into sharp focus and represents a "living memorial" to those who perished. Just as importantly, learning about past atrocities provides hope for the future: as young adults learn about the historical, social, religious, political, and economic factors that have resulted in genocide, they comprehend that it is the responsibility of individual citizens—including themselves—to recognize the danger signals and to prevent another nascent genocide from becoming reality.

Consistent with ABC-CLIO's other award-winning Solutions databases, Modern Genocide: Understanding Causes and Consequences is structured to ensure that students find it extremely easy to use. It comprises three components: an online textbook, constantly updated to ensure that its contents are current and accurate; perspectives that support critical-thinking skills and invite student engagement with the sensitive subject matter; and a supporting reference library on genocide. The "textbook" portion provides a comprehensive text complimented by powerful visual elements on 10 genocides, including the Armenian genocide, the Cambodian genocide, the Herero genocide, the Holocaust, and the Rwandan genocide.

Modern Genocide: Understanding Causes and Consequences also includes more than 200 primary sources such as memoirs, narratives, and domestic and international legal documents that illustrate the process and outcome of genocide, as well as first-hand accounts that vividly depict the impact of destruction on entire societies as well as on individuals' lives. These invaluable resources enable students to fully grasp the history and events of each modern genocide and can be used as a springboard for the discussion of human and civil rights issues.


  • Comprises more than 1,250 reference items that cover important individuals, events, organizations, and places related to genocide
  • Covers 10 modern genocides in depth, allowing students to see repeating patterns in history
  • Provides Feature Stories that present timely original material and connect current events with historical reference, giving students a stronger sense of connection to the event
  • Includes essays that discuss topics integral to the subject of genocide, such as the factors that precede and cause genocide, the denial movements related to particular genocides, the role of propaganda in persuading the public to participate in genocide, and other mass killings and massacres not considered genocide by UN standards


  • Comprises authoritative material written by more than 200 contributors, overseen by an expert advisory board
  • Includes more than 200 primary sources that allow students to fully grasp the contemporary history and events of each modern genocide
  • Offers numerous Support Center activities created by Sara Cohan, director of the Genocide Education Project, that guide students and teachers through this sensitive material
  • Utilizes the widely accepted "eight stages of genocide" framework developed by Gregory Stanton, president of Genocide Watch, to provide educators with a powerful tool for teaching students how genocides occur and what can be done to prevent them
  • Provides a complete media library comprising hundreds of photographs, maps, and videos
Advisory Board

A veteran editor and former journalist, Padraic (Pat) Carlin leads ABC-CLIO's print and electronic program in military history and security issues. Carlin and his military history team have developed and published many award-winning reference projects in military history, including Spencer C. Tucker's American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. He also oversees ABC-CLIO's World at War and Modern Genocide databases. Carlin grew up in New York City, attended Stuyvesant High School, and has a degree in journalism from Rutgers University.

Paul R. Bartrop, PhD, one of the world's leading scholars of the Holocaust and genocide, is professor of history and director of the Center for Judaic, Holocaust, and Human Rights Studies at Florida Gulf Coast University. He was the 2011–2012 Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Richard Stockton College, New Jersey. Prior to this appointment, he was head of the Department of History at Bialik College, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 2003 and 2011, teaching a range of subjects in history, Jewish studies, international studies, and comparative genocide studies. He is a member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars and a past president of the Australian Association of Jewish Studies. Among his published works is Resisting the Holocaust: Upstanders, Partisans, and Survivors (ABC-CLIO, 2016), Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection (ABC-CLIO, 2014), and A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide: Portraits of Evil and Good (ABC-CLIO, 2012).

Roger W. Smith is professor emeritus of government at the College of William and Mary in Virginia, where he taught political philosophy and the comparative study of genocide. Educated at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley, he has written, and lectured, widely on the nature, history, and prevention of genocide, and on the issue of denial. He is a co-founder and past president of the International Association of Genocide Scholars. Professor Smith was director from 2002-2011 of the Zoyran Institute's Genocide and Human Rights University Program, a two week intensive seminar held annually at the University of Toronto. In 2008, Armenia presented him with its highest civilian award, the Movses Khorenatsi Medal, for his contributions to international recognition of the 1915 Armenian Genocide. He has been co-editor of Genocide Studies International since its founding in 2013.

Dr. Lee W. Eysturlid is a history instructor at Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy in Aurora, Illinois. He also serves as an adjunct for Northwestern University's School of Continuing Studies program. Dr. Eysturlid earned his PhD in history from Purdue University, where he specialized in Intellectual Military History and the Habsburg and Ottoman empires. He is a member of the Citadel Historical Association and is an ABC-CLIO History Fellow. His published works include Philosophers of War: The Evolution of History's Greatest Military Thinkers (Praeger, 2013) and The Formative Influences, Theories, and Campaigns of the Archduke Carl of Austria (Praeger, 2000).



"This comprehensive resource brings students and teachers beautifully designed, informative, and well-researched information about 10 genocides. The organization, as well as the depth, breadth, and scope of the information, is exceptional. . . . Highly recommended."—Library Media Connection

"The uncluttered layout and modern design make it easy to access the content. Users can simply select from a list of topics ('Explore a Genocide') or use the 'Analyze' link to find articles summarizing major topics within each genocide. There are also advanced search options. The 'Analyze' option poses a question (such as 'Did the United States and most other Western countries turn a blind eye to Indonesian atrocities in East Timor from 1975 onwards?'), followed by a brief essay. The sidebar in this section links to essays offering different perspectives as well as a conclusion."—Booklist

"This content and the arrangement and means of accessing it combine to create a stunning product."—Library Journal


2013 EDDIE Award Winner - Best High School Social Studies Website — ComputEd Gazette

2014 Best Social Studies Website — ComputED Best Educational Software Awards (BESSIES)

2014 CODiE Award Finalist - Best Education Reference Solution — SIIA — SIIA CODiE Award

Series Description

ABC-CLIO Solutions School Editions

Offering effective technology for your library and created specifically for middle and high school students, ABC-CLIO Solutions Schools Edition provides authoritative coverage of essential topics in U.S. history and government, world history, geography, and a range of multicultural and popular culture subjects.

Each online ABC-CLIO Solution includes four innovative components:

A COMPREHENSIVE REFERENCE LIBRARY with content from more than 230,000 primary sources and entries encompassing audio, video, photographs, illustrations, maps, and rich media.

A STANDARDS-BASED CURRICULUM updated daily by a team of subject-specific editorial experts and supported by an extensive range of instructional material.

A DEEP COLLECTION OF MODEL COMMENTARIES from noted scholars that have been specially commissioned to foster critical thinking stimulated by exposure to varying points of view.

AN EDUCATOR SUPPORT CENTER containing valuable professional development tools as well as relevant resources such as discussion points, activities, lesson plans, and research lists.


  • Updated daily with vetted, authoritative content, ABC-CLIO Solutions are always current, making outdated textbooks a thing of the past
  • Each Solutions database include a subject-specific library, a curriculum, unique model commentaries, and a full-featured educator support center
  • They’re online and available for students and educators to access anywhere, anytime
  • More affordable than resources with far less content and fewer advanced features, Solutions databases represent an outstanding value

Other Titles of Interest

American History cover imageWorld at War cover imageWorld History cover image
World History cover imageWorld Religions cover imageIssues cover image

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