Modern Genocide

Understanding Causes and Consequences

by Padraic (Pat) Carlin, Paul R. Bartrop, Roger W. Smith, and Dr. Lee W. Eysturlid, Editors

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Topics Military History/Genocide and War Crimes
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As painful as it may be to consider and as difficult as it may be to teach, genocide is an important subject for students to learn about in school if they are to become informed world citizens.

The only database specifically devoted to genocide, Modern Genocide: Understanding Causes and Consequences covers 10 modern genocides in depth, providing definitive expertise on this delicate topic that may be used as a springboard for discussion of human and civil rights. It enables students to fully grasp the events of the genocides and the factors that led to them, showing them repeating patterns in history and giving them the agency to work to diminish hatred that could lead to future genocides.


  • Houses more than 300 primary sources such as memoirs, narratives, and domestic and international legal documents that illustrate the progression and outcome of genocide, as well as first-hand accounts that vividly depict its impact on entire societies as well as on the lives of individuals
  • Sparks discussion of topics integral to the subject of genocide, such as the factors that precede and cause genocide, the denial movements related to particular genocides, the role of propaganda in persuading the public to participate in genocide, and other mass killings and massacres not considered genocide by UN standards
  • Uses the widely accepted "eight stages of genocide" framework developed by Gregory Stanton, president of Genocide Watch, to provide educators with a powerful tool for teaching students how genocides occur and what can be done to prevent them
  • Offers numerous activities created by Sara Cohan, director of the Genocide Education Project, that guide teachers in properly approaching this subject
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Advisory Board

A veteran editor and former journalist, Padraic (Pat) Carlin leads ABC-CLIO's print and electronic program in military history and security issues. Carlin and his military history team have developed and published many award-winning reference projects in military history, including Spencer C. Tucker's American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. He also oversees ABC-CLIO's World at War and Modern Genocide databases. Carlin grew up in New York City, attended Stuyvesant High School, and has a degree in journalism from Rutgers University.

Paul R. Bartrop, PhD, one of the world's leading scholars of the Holocaust and genocide, is professor of history and director of the Center for Judaic, Holocaust, and Human Rights Studies at Florida Gulf Coast University. He was the 2011–2012 Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Richard Stockton College, New Jersey. Prior to this appointment, he was head of the Department of History at Bialik College, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 2003 and 2011, teaching a range of subjects in history, Jewish studies, international studies, and comparative genocide studies. He is a member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars and a past president of the Australian Association of Jewish Studies. Among his published works is Resisting the Holocaust: Upstanders, Partisans, and Survivors (ABC-CLIO, 2016), Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection (ABC-CLIO, 2014), and A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide: Portraits of Evil and Good (ABC-CLIO, 2012).

Roger W. Smith is professor emeritus of government at the College of William and Mary in Virginia, where he taught political philosophy and the comparative study of genocide. Educated at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley, he has written, and lectured, widely on the nature, history, and prevention of genocide, and on the issue of denial. He is a co-founder and past president of the International Association of Genocide Scholars. Professor Smith was director from 2002-2011 of the Zoyran Institute's Genocide and Human Rights University Program, a two week intensive seminar held annually at the University of Toronto. In 2008, Armenia presented him with its highest civilian award, the Movses Khorenatsi Medal, for his contributions to international recognition of the 1915 Armenian Genocide. He has been co-editor of Genocide Studies International since its founding in 2013.

Dr. Lee W. Eysturlid is a history instructor at Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy in Aurora, Illinois. He also serves as an adjunct for Northwestern University's School of Continuing Studies program. Dr. Eysturlid earned his PhD in history from Purdue University, where he specialized in Intellectual Military History and the Habsburg and Ottoman empires. He is a member of the Citadel Historical Association and is an ABC-CLIO History Fellow. His published works include Philosophers of War: The Evolution of History's Greatest Military Thinkers (Praeger, 2013) and The Formative Influences, Theories, and Campaigns of the Archduke Carl of Austria (Praeger, 2000).



"This comprehensive resource brings students and teachers beautifully designed, informative, and well-researched information about 10 genocides. The organization, as well as the depth, breadth, and scope of the information, is exceptional. . . . Highly recommended."—Library Media Connection

"The uncluttered layout and modern design make it easy to access the content. Users can simply select from a list of topics ('Explore a Genocide') or use the 'Analyze' link to find articles summarizing major topics within each genocide. There are also advanced search options. The 'Analyze' option poses a question (such as 'Did the United States and most other Western countries turn a blind eye to Indonesian atrocities in East Timor from 1975 onwards?'), followed by a brief essay. The sidebar in this section links to essays offering different perspectives as well as a conclusion."—Booklist

"This content and the arrangement and means of accessing it combine to create a stunning product."—Library Journal


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